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Knee and Shoulder Vascular Anatomy

Published:December 21, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tvir.2022.100877

      Abstract

      In the past decade, angiographic studies have demonstrated neovessels in or in the vicinity of affected joints in many musculoskeletal conditions that used to be considered wear and tear joint disease, such as knee osteoarthritis, frozen shoulder, and overuse injuries. The novelty of this finding is in showing the presence of neovascularity at an angiographically detectable level, as compared to histologically evident neovessels that had been discovered years ago. These neovessels have now become the target of interventions in a growing field called muscoskeletal embolotherapy. An in-depth and all-encompassing understanding of the vascular anatomy that could specifically assist performing of these procedures is paramount. Such an understanding will help ensure success in clinical outcomes and avoid much dreaded complications. This review discusses the vascular anatomy relevant to the two most commonly performed musculoskeletal embolotherapies, genicular artery embolization and transarterial embolization for frozen shoulder.
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