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Frozen Shoulder

Published:December 22, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tvir.2022.100882
      Adhesive capsulitis (AC) develops spontaneously without a known cause and is a common cause of painful shoulder. The natural history of AC can last until 36 months and it is classically considered a self-limiting entity, however there is a high rate of refractory cases to conventional treatment with residual deficits during years. There is no consensus on the therapeutic guidelines to be followed in patients with AC. Several authors have pointed out the relevance of hypervascularization of the capsule in the pathophysiology of AC, that is why the objective of transarterial embolization (TAE) is to decrease the abnormal vascularization responsible for the inflammatory-fibrotic state that occurs in AC. TAE has now emerged as a therapeutic option in refractory patients. We describe the most important technical aspects of TAE and review the current literature on arterial embolization as a treatment for AC.

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